Knitted Fabric A structured fabric formed by horizontally interlocking loops of yarn, which are formed into individual rows of loops and crochets vertically with the corresponding loop in the next horizontal row.
Another highlight is that the fabric can be produced by hand using two knitting needles and a ball of yarn. The loom can produce flat or tubular fabric depending on the type. The loops are interlocked, the warp threads are called Wales and the weft threads are called Courses. If weaved correctly, Wales and Courses intersect at a 90 degree angle. The texture of tricot fabric is quite different when compared to other fabrics. With a structure of warp fibers linked together, tricot fabric brings softness but still retains a certain stiffness when forming.
The ring-shaped structure of knitted fabrics provides high elasticity, rarely forming wrinkles. The fabric doesn’t crease easily, so it holds its shape well, making it suitable for basic applications. The fabric surface is soft, breathable and quite porous to help limit dirt and increase durability when used.
Compared to other fabrics, knitted fabrics have a low thickness, but still ensure good stretch and absorbency properties. The fabric has excellent heat retention thanks to the fiber texture that enhances the air-breathing process between the surfaces.
The most popular types of knitted fabrics today
Knitted fabrics are classified based on the weaves in the surface of the fabric, including weft knits and warp knits. Weft knitted fabrics are divided into 3 main types: Rib, Single Jersey and Interlock.
+ Rib : is a fabric with 2 right sides composed of right loop columns interspersed with left loop columns, forming two layers of loop columns on two parallel planes. Rib fabric has high thickness, good elasticity and less curling like other knitted fabrics.
+ Single Jersey : is a fabric with markedly different right and reverse sides. The right side of the fabric is composed of hoops, while the reverse side consists of rows of loops. The fabric is medium thickness, easy to curl when used.
+ Interlock has the same structure as Rib fabric, with two sides that must be similar with the right loop tie system in one layer overlapping with the right loop column of the other layer. The fabric is smooth, has little curling and has almost no stretch.
Warp knit fabrics include Tricot, Milan and Raschel fabrics.
+ Tricot is a fabric with a left side with a cystic ribbed system and a right side with longitudinal stripes providing a soft texture, a certain temper, and high elasticity. This fabric includes models Tico, Lachelle, Milanis and Simplex, of which the most popular are Ticoto and Rasche.
+ Milan is a knit fabric with clear longitudinal ribs on the right side and diagonal lines on the right side. The fabric has light weight, smooth surface, stable shape, more stable and durable than other fabrics.
+ Raschel is a fabric with a rather complex structure with a system of sparse meshes, and the two sides of the fabric are similar in structure. The fabric has almost no stretch, often used as a ventilation material in fashion applications.
Knitted fabric is considered the most popular material on the garment market today thanks to its low price and wide applicability. Hopefully, through this article, readers have gained more useful knowledge about this unique fabric to apply in garment life.
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